10 Tips For Creating Habitats for Birds & Pollinators

You can “bring nature home” and provide a link in the chain of  habitat and migration corridors throughout our community by incorporating some of the following suggestions into your own landscape:

  • Reduce lawn & increase biodiversity. Plant a variety of trees, shrubs, perennials, ferns, groundcovers and grasses to enhance the structure, beauty and sustainability of your garden.
  • Plant more natives. Native plants have been shown to be far more effective at increasing bird and wildlife populations than non-native plants.
  • Avoid planting invasive plants and work to control or eradicate those already established on your property. Don’t leave disturbed ground bare for long since it provides an avenue for invasion.
  • Eliminate or greatly reduce your use of pesticides. Very few insects are actually pests; learn to embrace beneficial insects, and tolerate a few pests.
  • Provide sources of water with birdbaths, saucers, ponds and rain gardens.
  • Provide nesting and perching sites for birds by incorporating evergreens, hedgerows, climbing vines and small trees.
  • Provide food by planting fruiting shrubs and trees, and plants that provide buds, catkins, nectar, pollen, berries, seeds and nuts that mature in different seasons.
  • Provide protective shelter by planting evergreens, and dense shrubs and groundcovers for small mammals and ground or shrub-nesting birds.
  • Minimize your fall cleanup/wait until spring (when possible) to cut back perennials and grasses. Spent flower stalks and grass plumes provide seeds for birds, and standing dead organic matter provides overwintering habitat for several species of moths and butterfly caterpillars and pupa.
  • Leave standing dead trees when they don’t pose a threat to people or buildings. Also known as “snags,” these provide habitat for birds and wood-nesting bees and beetles (that provide food for birds!).
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